Diseases of the gums

The human body is so arranged that the work of some organs directly depends on the health of others. So, the condition of the teeth affects the activity of the gastrointestinal tract. And dental health is associated with the condition of the gums. You can fill in caries, build up a splintering part of the tooth, but the resulting gum disease will still threaten the integrity of the teeth.

The human body is so arranged that the work of some organs directly depends on the health of others. So, the condition of the teeth affects the activity of the gastrointestinal tract. And dental health is associated with the condition of the gums. You can fill in caries, build up a splintering part of the tooth, but the resulting gum disease will still threaten the integrity of the teeth.

Causes of Gum Disease

No matter how corny it sounds, but the main cause of gum disease is careless oral hygiene. Then come:

  • improper brushing of teeth;
  • tartar formation;
  • smoking;
  • bad ecology;
  • lack of vitamins and minerals in foods;
  • unusual food;
  • improper treatment.

At the junction of the gums with tooth enamel, microbes begin to accumulate. The products of their vital activity destroy the tissues of the gums and neck of the tooth. Pockets form under the soft tissues, in which microbes continue to multiply and lead to the destructive activity of microbes. If you do not take measures in time and change your habits, you can get serious diseases of the oral cavity.

Symptoms of Gum Disease

In a healthy state, the gum tissue has a pale pink color, its edge is firmly attached to the teeth, the person does not feel any discomfort. The onset of the disease is indicated by such signs as:

  • blood on the toothbrush when brushing;
  • gingival redness;
  • itching or mild aching pain;
  • the appearance of an indestructible odor from the mouth;
  • the appearance of tangible hard deposits on the teeth;
  • loosening of teeth.

The symptoms are especially pronounced during periods of seasonal decrease in immunity, as well as, for example, against the background of stresses.

Gum disease and treatment

Depending on the degree of neglect and symptoms, gum disease is divided into three categories:

  1. Gingivitis
  2. Periodontitis
  3. Periodontal disease

Gingivitis is a superficial inflammation of the gums. If you deal with it in a timely manner, then nothing will threaten your teeth. The main treatment is aimed at removing tartar accumulated in the gingival pockets of microbes and granules. After that, the doctor makes recommendations for competent oral care and disease prevention.

Periodontitis is a progressive form of the disease, often requiring surgical intervention. The gum acquires an unhealthy red color, is inflamed and swollen, the depth of the pockets increases, the teeth acquire mobility. The first stage of the fight against this disease is also the removal of tartar, germs and formations. Then, antiseptic and firming treatment with effective drugs is performed.

But often the gingival pockets are so deep that cleaning with tools and ultrasound becomes ineffective. A cardinal treatment method is required – a patchwork operation. The gum tissue is excised, all deposits accumulated at the roots of the teeth and on the bone tissue of the gums are removed, the incision is treated with antibacterial drugs. Then the gum is sutured and with proper medical care heals within 1-2 weeks.

There is also a third type of gum disease, called periodontal disease. Periodontal disease is extremely rare, only in 1-8% of patients, and often develops against the background of another pathology, for example, atherosclerosis, diabetes mellitus, impaired gastrointestinal tract function, changes in the body’s reactions, etc. The nutritional disorders of the tissues surrounding the tooth also affect due to atherosclerotic changes in blood vessels.

Unlike periodontitis, with which it is often confused, periodontal disease is not characterized by bleeding and inflammation of the gums, the formation of pockets and tooth mobility. It is a systemic dystrophic disease, most often its main cause is atorophia of the alveolar processes, which leads to uniform lowering of the gums, exposure of the necks of the teeth while maintaining their stability. The patient is concerned about the increased sensitivity of the necks of the teeth, a sensation of itching in the gums. Because periodontal disease develops slowly; patients, as a rule, are in no hurry to consult a doctor.

The treatment is complex, aimed at stabilizing the pathological process. Prescribe drugs that improve blood circulation and regeneration processes in the periodontium (gum massage, gum shower, darsonvalization and other physiotherapeutic procedures), conduct treatment of the underlying disease.