The human body is created so that the work of certain organs directly depends on the health of other ones. For example, the dental health has an impact on the gastrointestinal tract. And the dental health is influenced by the gingival health. It is possible to fill a cavity, repair a chipped tooth, but the gum inflammation will continue to threaten the teeth integrity.
Causes of gum diseases
No matter how trite it sounds, but the primary cause of gum diseases is a bad oral hygiene. Some of the other reasons are:
- incorrect cleaning of teeth;
- tartar formation;
- bad ecological situation;
- lack of vitamins and minerals in food;
- new food;
- improper treatment.
The microbes begin to accumulate in the places where gums join with tooth enamel. The microbial products destroy the tissues of gums and tooth neck. Under the soft tissues, there appear pockets where the microbes continue to grow in number and destroy the tissues. If no measures are taken in due time, and your habits remain unchanged, it may result in a serious disease of the oral cavity.
Symptoms of gum disease
When healthy, the gum tissue is pale pink and tight against teeth and a person does not feel any discomfort. The beginning of the disease is characterized by the following symptoms:
- blood on the tooth brush when you clean your teeth;
- red color of gingival tissues;
- itching or mild aching;
- ineradicable bad smell from the mouth;
- considerable solid deposits on the teeth;
- teeth loosening.
These symptoms are most evident in the periods of annual decrease in immunity and stress.
Gum diseases and their treatment
Depending on the symptoms of disease and how advanced it is, the gum diseases can be divided into:
Gingivitis is a superficial inflammation of gums. If it is treated in time, nothing will threaten the teeth. The treatment is mainly directed to the removal of tartar, microbes, and granules from the periodontal pocket. After it, the dentist gives his/her recommendations how to correctly take care of the mouth cavity and prevent the disease.
Periodontitis is a progressive disease, often requiring surgical treatment. The gum becomes unhealthy red, inflamed and swollen, the pocket depth increases; the teeth become mobile. The first stage of this disease treatment is also the removal of tartar, microbes, and different formations. Then there follow antiseptic and restorative stages with the help of potent drugs.
The periodontal pockets are often so deep that their cleaning by instruments and ultrasound is not effective. A basic method of treatment is required – flap surgery. The gum tissue is excised, all deposits near teeth roots and bone tissues of gum are removed, the incision is treated with antibacterial drugs. Then the gum is sutured; it heals within 1-2 weeks, provided with a proper medical care.
There is a third gum disease, named parodontosis. Parodontosis is extremely rare, only 1-8% of patients suffer from it. If often develops as a result of other pathologies, such as atherosclerosis, diabetes, disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, changes of body response, etc. The malnutrition of tissues, surrounding the tooth, can also have an influence because of atherosclerotic changes in the blood vessels.
Unlike periodontitis with which it is often confused, parodontosis is not characterized by bleeding and inflammation of the gums, pocket formation, and teeth mobility. It is a systemic dystrophic disease, the primary cause of which is an atrophy of the dental arch, leading to the lowering of the gum along its whole length, exposure of teeth necks while the teeth preserve their stable position. The patient suffers from an increased sensitivity of teeth necks, itching in the gums. As parodontosis develops slowly, the patients, as a rule, are in no haste to turn to the dentist.
It is a combination treatment, aimed to the stabilization of the pathological process. The means of improving the blood circulation and regeneration processes in the periodontal (gum massage, gingival shower, personalization and other physiotherapeutic procedures) are prescribed, the main disease is treated.
After the treatment of gingivitis you can quickly forget about the disease provided that there is a proper hygiene of oral cavity. In case of periodontitis and parodontosis it is necessary to regularly visit the clinic to take preventive measures and control the situation.